Ginger is an herb. The rhizome (underground stem) is used as a spice and also as a medicine
. It can be used fresh, dried and powdered, or as a juice
is commonly used to treat various types of "stomach problems," including motion sickness, morning sickness, colic
, upset stomach, gas, diarrhea, nausea
and vomiting after surgery, as well as loss of appetite. Other uses include treating upper respiratory tract infections
, and bronchitis.
Podlogar JA, Verspohl EJ. Antiinflammatory effects of ginger and some of its components in human bronchial epithelial (BEAS-2B) cells. 1. Phytother Res. 2012 Mar;26(3):333-6. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3558. Epub 2011 Jun 23.
The proinflammatory chemokine interleukin-8 is increased in asthmatic patients. Traditionally, ginger
is used as an antiinflammatory drug. An extract and several compounds of Zingiber officinale (ginger
) were tested in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B cells) with respect to their effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced secretion of the proinflammatory chemokine interleukin?8 (IL-8) and RANTES (regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted). An oily extract of ginger
rhizome with?>?25% total pungent compounds, ginger
, ar-curcumene and ?-pinene reduced the LPS-induced IL-8 secretion (measured by a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), whereas a spissum extract, the pungents -gingerol and its metabolite -shogaol, and the terpenoids citral and ?-phellandrene showed no effect. The LPS-induced slight increase of RANTES was reduced by volatile oil
, ar-curcumene and ?-pinene. There was no effect of LPS on TNF-?. Our results suggest that distinct ginger
compounds could be used as antiinflammatory drugs in respiratory infections