Ginger is an herb. The rhizome (underground stem) is used as a spice and also as a medicine
. It can be used fresh, dried and powdered, or as a juice
is commonly used to treat various types of "stomach problems," including motion sickness, morning sickness, colic
, upset stomach, gas, diarrhea, nausea
and vomiting after surgery, as well as loss of appetite. Other uses include treating upper respiratory tract infections
, and bronchitis.
Policegoudra RS, Aradhya SM, Singh L. Mango ginger (Curcuma amada Roxb.)--a promising spice for phytochemicals and biological activities. 1. J Biosci. 2011 Sep;36(4):739-48.
(Curcuma amada Roxb.) is a unique spice having morphological resemblance with ginger
but imparts a raw mango
flavour. The main use of mango ginger
rhizome is in the manufacture of pickles and culinary preparations. Ayurveda and Unani medicinal systems have given much importance to mango ginger
as an appetizer, alexteric, antipyretic, aphrodisiac
, diuretic, emollient, expectorant and laxative and to cure
biliousness, itching, skin
diseases, bronchitis, asthma
, hiccough and inflammation
due to injuries. The biological activities of mango ginger
activity, anti-inflammatory activity, platelet aggregation inhibitory activity, cytotoxicity, antiallergic activity, hypotriglyceridemic activity, brine-shrimp lethal activity, enterokinase inhibitory activity, CNS depressant and analgesic activity. The major chemical components include starch
, phenolic acids, volatile oils, curcuminoids and terpenoids like difurocumenonol, amadannulen and amadaldehyde. This article brings to light the major active components present in C. amada along with their biological activities that may be important from the pharmacological point of view.