Vegetables can be classified into four main groups:
Choose vegetables from each of these groups, depending on the size of your plot.
The next step is to divide your plot into four areas. Plant vegetables from each of the four groups above in four separate beds. This is because the same vegetable should not be grown in the same place year after year, as the continuous cropping of the same plant can exhaust the soil of nutrients, and pests and diseases can build up.
The way to avoid this potential problem is consistent plot rotation. This is where every year you 'move up' your vegetables into the next bed, so your group two vegetables will be planted where the group three vegetables previously were, group three moves to the group four bed and so on. This allows the soil to recover, and the rotation can even be beneficial to future vegetables; for example, the nitrogen that peas and beans naturally deposit in the soil is perfect for encouraging growth in cauliflowers and cabbages.
Tips for creating your vegetable plot
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