Researchers evaluated data on 55,487 men and women aged 50 to 64 who had not been diagnosed with cancer. The patients were followed for nearly a decade up to 2006. During the study period, 678 people were diagnosed with colorectal cancer.
The participants all answered surveys about their health habits, including smoking, diet and exercising. Healthy lifestyle recommendations included avoiding smoking; eating a healthy diet; being physically active at least 30 minutes a day; and having a waist circumference of no more than 35 inches for women and 40 inches for men.
The researchers found that:
"Our study reveals the useful public health message that even modest differences in lifestyle might have a substantial impact on colorectal cancer risk and emphasizes the importance of continuing vigorous efforts to convince people to follow the lifestyle recommendations."
Research Paper Details:
Kirkegaard H, Johnsen NF, Christensen J, et al. Association of adherence to lifestyle recommendations and risk of colorectal cancer: a prospective Danish cohort study. BMJ 2010; 341:c5504.
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