Advertisement. Report if inappropriate.
You are here: Home News

Study: Healthy Diet Can Help Avoid Diabetes Drugs

Posted by SoundHealth on Thursday, September 03, 2009
Topics: Diet Diabetes
© HealthyMuslim. See Terms and Conditions

 Copy Link
   Email    Print 
Research has found that eating a healthy Mediterranean-style diet may help people with type 2 diabetes keep their disease under control without drugs better than following a typical low-fat diet.

In the longest-term study of its kind, researchers from Italy found that people with type 2 diabetes who ate a Mediterranean diet rich in vegetables and whole grains with at least 30% of daily calories from fat (mostly olive oil) were better able to manage their disease without diabetes medications than those who ate a low-fat diet with no more than 30% of calories from fat (with less than 10% coming from saturated fat choices).

After four years, researchers found that 44% of people on the Mediterranean diet ended up requiring diabetes medications to control their blood sugars compared with 70% of those who followed the low-fat diet.

Study Details

In the study, researchers randomly assigned 215 overweight people recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes who had never been treated with diabetes medications to either a Mediterranean-style diet or a low-fat diet.

The Mediterranean diet was rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy fats such as olive oil. It was also low in red meat, which was replaced with fish or poultry. Overall, the diet consisted of no more than 50% of daily calories from carbohydrates and no less than 30% of calories from fat.

The low-fat diet was based on American heart Association guidelines and was rich in whole grains and limited in sweets with no more than 30% of calories from fat and 10% from saturated fats, such as animal fats.

All patients were encouraged to exercise regularly, and after four years of follow-up, the Mediterranean diet group had better glycemic (blood sugar) control and were less likely to require diabetes medications to bring their blood sugar within healthy levels.

By the end of the study, which was published in the Sept. 1 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, 56% of patients following the Mediterranean diet were able to control their blood sugar without medication, compared with 30% of those on the low-fat regimen. The Mediterranean dieters were also able to maintain slightly more weight loss than the low-fat group.

On the basis of their findings, the study's authors suggest that some diabetes patients may be able to substitute diet and exercise for blood-sugar-lowering medications.

Research Paper Details:

Esposito K, Maiorino MI, Ciotola M, et al. Effects of a Mediterranean-Style diet on the Need for Antihyperglycemic Drug Therapy in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Trial. Annals of Internal medicine, Vol 151:5 306-314, 2009.


Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Share or Bookmark this page: You will need to have an account with the selected service in order to post links or bookmark this page.

                 
  
Subscribe via RSS or email:
Follow us through RSS or email. Click the RSS icon to subscribe to our feed.

     
  

Related Articles:
Add a Comment
You must be registered and logged in to comment.
Advertisement. Report if inappropriate.
Most Popular

Latest Articles

Popular Subjects
fluoridewater fluoridationcolicfruitexercisetoothpastealmondsmilkpHalkalineacidVitamin Ccancerlinus paulingwatercell phonemobile phoneraw milkaspartamesweetenersuperfoodsbrainlong lifelive longlongevityresveratrolblueberriesraspberriesgreen teaavocadosfatsnutritiondigestion research

Health, fitness and longevity
 Based upon the principles of health
 in the Qur'an and Prophetic Traditions.
HealthyMuslim.Com

There are two bounties in which
most people lose out: good health
and free time. Al-Bukhari.
The information on this site is provided for educational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional advice of any kind.